When dealing with audio systems, understanding how sound level diminishes over a distance is crucial. The Audio Output Distance Calculator helps you estimate the output level at a certain distance from the sound source, accounting for the decrease in sound level as it travels.

### Formula

The formula to calculate the audio output level at a certain distance is:

Output Level (Ld) = Source Level (Ls) – 20 * log10(d)

Where:

- Ld = Output Level at distance
- Ls = Source Level at the origin
- d = Distance from the sound source

### How to Use

- Enter the source level (Ls) in decibels (dB).
- Enter the distance (d) in meters.
- Click on the “Calculate” button to find the output level (Ld) in decibels at the specified distance.

### Example

If you have an audio system with a source level of 90 dB, and you want to find out the level at a distance of 10 meters, the calculation is as follows:

Output Level (Ld) = 90 – 20 * log10(10)

Ld = 90 – 20 * 1

Ld = 70 dB

### FAQs

**What does the audio output distance calculator measure?**

It measures the sound level at a certain distance from an audio source, taking into account how sound diminishes over distance.**Why does the sound level decrease over distance?**

Sound level decreases over distance due to the spreading of sound waves, which reduces the intensity as it moves away from the source.**What is the ‘source level’ in this context?**

The source level is the initial sound level at the origin (0 meters) of the sound source, usually measured in decibels (dB).**Why do we use the logarithmic function in the formula?**

The logarithmic function is used because sound intensity decreases logarithmically with distance, not linearly.**What unit is used for distance in this calculator?**

Distance should be entered in meters for the calculator to provide an accurate output level.**Can this calculator be used for outdoor and indoor environments?**

Yes, but the results are more accurate in free-field conditions, like outdoors. Indoors, reflections and absorption can affect sound levels.**How accurate is this calculator for real-world scenarios?**

The calculator provides an ideal estimate. Real-world factors like air absorption, obstacles, and reflections can affect actual sound levels.**Does the frequency of the sound affect the calculation?**

The formula provided assumes a general sound propagation and does not account for frequency-specific absorption or interference.**Why is the output level lower than the source level?**

As sound travels away from the source, it spreads out, reducing the energy and hence the perceived sound level.**Can this calculator be used for calculating noise levels?**

Yes, it can be used for estimating noise levels at different distances from a noise source.**What happens to sound level as the distance doubles?**

When the distance doubles, the sound level decreases by approximately 6 dB due to the inverse square law.**Is this calculator applicable for all types of speakers?**

Yes, it can be used for any audio source as long as you know the source level and distance.**What is the inverse square law in audio?**

The inverse square law states that the intensity of sound decreases in proportion to the square of the distance from the source.**Can this calculator be used for multi-speaker systems?**

It is best suited for single-point sources. For multi-speaker systems, factors like interference and speaker placement must be considered.**How does environmental noise affect the output level?**

Environmental noise does not affect the output level calculation but can affect the perceived loudness at the listening point.**Does air temperature or humidity affect sound propagation?**

Yes, air temperature and humidity can affect sound propagation, but this calculator assumes standard conditions.**How do obstacles affect the audio output level?**

Obstacles can absorb, reflect, or diffract sound waves, potentially reducing the actual output level more than calculated.**What is the typical decay of sound in a normal environment?**

Typically, sound decays at a rate of 6 dB for every doubling of distance in a free-field environment.**Can this calculator be used in a concert setup?**

Yes, but it provides an ideal estimation. In a concert setup, other factors like audience absorption and multiple speakers need to be considered.**How can I increase the audio output level at a distance?**

You can increase the output level by increasing the source level or using amplification to project sound further.

### Conclusion

The Audio Output Distance Calculator is a valuable tool for anyone working with audio systems, helping to predict how sound levels will decrease over distance. By understanding these dynamics, you can better plan for optimal sound distribution in various settings, whether for public address systems, concerts, or home audio setups.